Atomic clocks have shrunk from room-sized assemblies to PC-board mountable modules, admittedly with lower performance than their big siblings but still far better than crystal-based timing alternatives. Atomic clocks are based on the transitions of energy states of specific elements such as cesium, ytterbium, rubidium, and others under specific and tightly controlled conditions. They are […]
Clocks & Timing
Most electronics today have oscillators in them. Digital circuitry needs a clock. Radio frequency signals require an oscillator or clock. Some analog circuitry also needs a clock or oscillating signal source. If you are using a microcontroller then it might have a built-in clock, although it may not be accurate enough, depending on your application, […]
(editor’s note: Intrigued by the problem? Have a question or another solution? Then click the “Read more” link and follow the conversation on EDAboard.com or log in to EDAboard and participate in the analog forum threads.) MOSFET getting very hot – In this schematic, the VCC feed with a less than 1 A MOSFET gets […]
Pasternack has released six new free-running reference oscillators that generate a highly stable and accurate output frequency response with low phase noise and spurious performance levels, making them ideal in phase locked loops, function generators, frequency synthesizers and receivers for communication, radar, navigation, surveillance and test and measurement applications. These free-running, fixed-tuned oscillators use a high-stability […]
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The “clock” function is a standard part of nearly every electronic system, with very few exceptions. Behind this simple-sounding, commonplace word, there is an array of complexity and subtlety in definition, performance, and design. Clocks are both vital and ubiquitous, so it is worth understanding the different functions they fulfill, they ways they can be […]
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(editor’s note: Intrigued by the problem? Have a question or another solution? Then click the “Read more” link and follow the conversation on EDAboard.com or log in to EDAboard and participate in the analog IC forum threads.) Making gain positive and NF less than 7.0 dB – I have designed a mm-wave amplifier, as I intend to […]
Fairview Microwave Inc. has released a waveguide Gunn oscillator that provides a cost-effective source for microwave power with excellent frequency and power stability while generating low-phase-noise. Typical applications include transmit and receive oscillators for radio communications, local oscillator source that can be multiplied for higher mm-wave frequency test and measurement, military and commercial radar sources, police radar, Doppler […]
Murata Americas today introduced several miniaturized, highly advanced crystal units developed specifically for the IoT market. The company used its proprietary technology and volume production capability to design a product line that excels in quality and reliability, while also providing a cost effective solution. The series features a compact package that allows for higher-density mounting and use in lower profile devices. Target applications include IoT, mobile […]
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(editor’s note: Intrigued by the problem? Have a question or another solution? Then click the “Read more” link and follow the conversation on EDAboard.com or log in to EDAboard and participate in the analog IC forum threads.) LM386 low noise (hiss) alternative? – I am building a direct conversion (regenerative) receiver that is followed by this […]
NDK’s NP5032S and NP7050S oscillators combine small size with low jitter performance. The two oscillators have similar performance and capabilities, but offer different package size options for more flexibility. The wide frequency range of 15 MHz to 2.1 GHz and low jitter makes them suitable for high-speed serial communications applications such as SONET, SDH, Synchronous […]
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